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How to take care of kidney with diabetes, know expert’s advice 2

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Diabetes

Diabetes is not just a disease, it is metabolic syndrome which is responsible for many diseases. Due to diabetes, there is a problem of kidney related disease nephropathy i.e. increase of creatinine. Do you know how to avoid this in time?

Diabetic nephropathy i.e. the effect of diabetes on the kidney is the main cause of kidney failure. Diabetic nephropathy caused by diabetes leads to kidney failure in 30-40 percent of people. The presence of albumin in the urine and increase in creatinine in the body are signs of diabetic nephropathy. It is also called chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Increase in creatinine…

The dirt accumulated in our body is removed by the kidney through urine. Creatinine is also a type of toxic substance that cannot be excreted through the kidneys in case of diabetic nephropathy and it increases in the body. If its treatment is not taken care of at the right time, it can damage the kidney.

Diabetic nephropathy Failure to remove waste products from the kidney.

There are millions of nephrons in the kidney. Nephrons filter waste products from the blood and act to prevent essential substances such as albumin. Diabetes causes the nephrons to become thickened and damaged, so that they cannot filter waste products and remove fluids from the body properly. This leads to the secretion of albumin in the urine. Diabetic nephropathy can be detected by measuring the amount of albumin in the urine. Diabetic nephropathy occurs in patients with type-1 and type-2 diabetes.

Get this checked every six months.

  • If you have diabetes, get your urine tested. If microalbumin is not coming in it, then the kidney has not been affected. But when the kidneys get affected due to diabetes, small size protein (micro albumin) starts coming out in the urine. This is a sign of kidney failure ie diabetic nephropathy.
  • Patients with diabetes should get their creatinine measured every six months and kidney function tests once a year. Apart from this, the following tests are done to check diabetic neuropathy – Micro albuminuria urine test, BNU blood test, Serum creatinine blood test, kidney biopsy.

These symptoms are identification

Initially, there are no symptoms of diabetic nephropathy, but if the condition worsens over time, the following symptoms may appear-

  • Difficulty controlling blood pressure.
  • Protein in urine.
  • Swelling of the toes, ankles, hands or under the eyes.
  • Frequent passing of urine.
  • Confusion or trouble concentrating.
  • breathlessness.
  • loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Persistent itching
  • fatigue.

…then the risk of diabetic nephropathy increases…

  • If you have diabetes for a long time.
  • High blood pressure with uncontrolled levels of sugar in the blood.
  • History of diabetes and kidney disease in the family.
  • Stone formation with diabetes.

Focus on defense…

There is no cure for diabetic nephropathy, but treatment can stop or slow down the progression. Treatment consists of controlling blood sugar levels and blood pressure through lifestyle changes and medications.

take special care of them

Control sugar, blood pressure in diabetic nephropathy. If there is no complaint of nephropathy, then you can drink 3-4 liters of water, but when kidney failure occurs, you should drink less water. So that the pressure on the kidneys is reduced. But you can take one and a half to two liters of liquid (milk, tea, water etc.) without any problem.

In view of the increasing cases of kidney diseases, it is very important to take care of some things to keep them healthy-

  • Eat balanced and nutritious food.
  • Don’t take alcohol.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Avoid taking medicines that can harm the kidney.
  • Be physically active.
  • Keep sugar and blood pressure under control.
  • Reduce salt intake.
  • Control your weight.
  • do not smoke.

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